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Shri Mookambika Kshetra
Kollur

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How to Reach the Temple | Seva List

Kollur is one of the most important places of pilgrimage in Karnataka is in the distance of 128 Kms from Mangalore. The temple here is dedicated to Mookambika and stands on a spur of the Kodachadri peak. The Goddess Mookambika is in the form of Jyotir-Linga incorporating both Shiva and Shakthi. The Panchaloha image (five element mixed metal) of the Goddess on Shree Chakra is stated to have been consecrated by Adi shankaracharya during his visit to this place. There is an exquisite sculpture of Panchamukha Ganesha here.

Karnataka Temples: Kollur Mookambika

Mythology:
Long ago when a demon called Kaumasura obtained a boon from Lord Shiva was reigning pompously, Kodachadri became the hiding place for all the gods and divine beings who became helpless against his harassment.

While the Saptarishis were engaged in prayers and poojas to bring about the end of demon kaumasura, Guru Shukracharya enlightens him about his impending death at the hands of a woman. Learning this, kaumasura performs an austere penance t please Lord Shiva. When Lord pleased with his prayers, appears before him and asks him to name the boon that he wishes, Vagdevi, the Goddess of speech senses that this could lead to a greater devastation and makes him speechless. The dumb Kaumasura then becomes unable to verbalise his wishes and then onwards he is called Mookasura. Soon after, on the request of Kola Rishi, the goddess creates a mystical power by bringing together the individual powers of all the gods who had assembled. This Divine Power wages war on Mookasura and brings about his destruction, thereby granting him salvation. The place where devi killed Mookasura is known as "Marana Katte".

Karnataka Temples: Kollur MookambikaKarnataka Temples: Kollur Mookambika

Since that day, the Goddess has resided at this holy place Kollur by the name Mookambika, fulfilling the wishes of all her devotees.

Here resides Sreedevi in the Padmasana posture, of a serene countenance, and with three eyes, bearing always a shankha, a chakra and with a pleasant appearance as the embodiment of mantra to bless the devotees.

Significance of Swayambhulinga:
Swayambhulinga manifested itself when Parameshwara drew the Srichakra with his toe and Kola Maharshi performed a long lasting penance in its vicinity, as a result of which power of meditation spread far and wide on the earth. Udhbhava linga is the tangible form of Sri Chakra Bindu that is said to have the proximity of all gods. It has a very high significance since Shri Mookambika Devi has merged with this Linga and fulfills the desires of devotees. A golden line has formed in the swayambhu Linga and it is wider on the left side as also taller. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi, Parvathi and Saraswathi have all merged in the left side and the Lord Parameshwara, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma resides in the right side of the Linga. Besides the golden line, it is also said there is an image (carving) of Shiva injured by Arjuna's blow during the clash of Kiratharjuna, on the right side of the Linga. Towards the left, we may find the image (carving) of Gopada (foot of the Holy cow) at the Shakthi Peeta.

Karnataka Temples: Kollur MookambikaAdi Shankara (Vedic scholar and saint) has perceived and realized Goddess Mookambika as residing thus. Adi Shankaracharya appeared here leading Shri Saraswathi with a view to finding a place for enshrining her. He stopped at this temple, fixed Shrichakram and on it installed the idol of Mookambika which is the central idol behind the lingam. On the either side of this are idols of Kali or Parvathi and Saraswathi. The place where sage stayed and did penance and the gate by which he left are at the back of the Mulasthana and to north respectively. Votaries to the temple are allowed the privilege of sitting at the place and passing under that gate for a fee. The temple has been patronized by ancient Hindu Kings and several parts in it are still believed to contain valuable treasure. This was the state temple for the Nagara or Bednore Rajas and many of the jewels now adorning the idol are said to have been presented by them and by their overlords of Vijayanagara.

Sanctum of Shri Mookambika:
The installation of the idol at Mookambika temple has a history as ancient as about 1200 years. As suggested by Rani Chennammaji, the feudal lord by name Halugallu Veera Sangayya has covered the inside of the temple with stone. When we look at the temple structure, we find the sanctorum, then entrance hall and then the Lakshmi Mantapa. There are four pillars at Lakshmi Mantapa and on upper portion of each of these pillars, we find beautifully carved images of various gods. Prominently, they have sculpted the images of Ganesha, Subrahmanya, Naga, Mahishasura Mardini and the goddess in different postures as delineated in Devi Mahatma. Earlier, this made up the total temple structure and the outer prakara was not present. So Veera Sangayya also took up the prakara, as per the principles of temple architecture. We may also find beautiful images of Ganapathi atop the doors situated at the entrance to Garbhagriha, Lakshmi Mantapa and the Mukhya Dwara (main entrance). It is normal practice in any temple to depict the main deity over the entrance, and the fact that all three doors carry the carvings of Ganesha is considered to be of special significance.

There are many inscriptions at Kodachadri that relate the tale of time. The Prakaras, which underwent renovation from time to time, hold a mirror to the changing mores in architecture during bygone cultures. Specifically the Vaasthu of Garbhagriha structure is very ancient and extraordinary.

Karnataka Temples: Kollur MookambikaThe Garbhagriha is single yoni flag size (Eka yoni pramana dwaja aya). Pre entrance has a three flag proportion and is about 3½ feet wide and 12 feet long. Lakshmi Mantapa measures 134'. 11". Then comes the prakara. Beyond that, is Navaranga Mantapa. Outside the temple is a large and beautiful Deepa Sthambha ( a pillar to hold lamps). This has 21 concentric circles in which the lamps can be lighted, and when viewed from Kodachadri, one would feel as though we were looking at the Divine Makara Jyothi at Lord Manikanta's Shabarimale. This beautiful Deepa Sthambha rests on a Koorma Peeta (seat with tortoise head); on this tortoise is a huge elephant upon which Lord Ganapathi is astride, looking westward and facing Goddess Mookambika Devi. During Navarathri, and during the Rathotsava on Phalghuni Masa Krishna Paksha Ashtami day (the day after Holi), the age-old practice of starting the pooja by praying to Lord Ganesha present on the pillar is kept up even today. In the inner corridor, just beyond the Garbhagriha, as we move around the shrine in a pradakshina, we will find totally four different idols of Ganapathi being worshipped, beginning with the Dashabhuja Ganapathi.

Of these, the Balamuri Ganapathi idol that is made of white marble is beautiful and high of significance. Then we have the image of serpent which has formed on the stone in the south-west corner. It is believed that, as we move in pradakshina, if we touch this serpent and offer our prayers, it results in several benefits, like warding of Sarpadosha, averting all doshas, and most importantly, acquiring good fortune.

Then we see the Shankara Peeta, where Adi Shankara Bhagavathpada meditated, and by virtue of his ascetic powers, visualized the form of Devi in all totality and realized the Devi herself. As we move in a pradakshina at the outer enclosure, we first find Subrahmanya swamy, then Saraswathi and then Pranalingeshwara, Partheshwara, the deity of Mukhya Prana (with a bell on the tail) installed by Vadiraja, Vishnu Brindavana, a beautiful idol of Gopalakrishna within the Brindaana (Considered as upa-pradhana Devatha), the platform for Tulasi and then the temple of Veerabhadraswamy who is the presiding deity. Entrance to this shrine being made of wood, we may see an excellent image, of Nrutya Ganapathi, right at the centre of the arch. It is said that the deity of Mukhya Prana has been situated right opposite the Veerabhadraswamy shrine with a view to balance its frightful appearance.

Pooja practices:
Here pooja practices are based on two disciplines- one as per vathula, which is one of the 28 vedas of Shaivagama, and which includes the rituals of Bali (sacrifice); secondly, as per Vijaya yagama Shastra. The five different poojas performed at the temple everyday are during Dantadavana (brushing the teeth), morning, afternoon, evening (pradhosha) and night. Pradosha Pooja is also called as "Salam Mangalarathi". It is said that Tippu Sultan, the ruler of Srirangapatna, once arrived here during pradosha pooja, witnessed the Mangalarathi, and became so impressed with the Devi, that he offered a Salaam in Muslim tradition to the Goddess, hence the name came into use. Complementary to this account is the practice observed every year, when the Muslim brethren visit the temple on a specific day for the darshana of the Goddess. This special feature has been in vogue for many years now. Of the various festivals and other celebrations held at the temple, "Sharannavarathri" which is held usually during October, and "Brahma Rathotsava" held usually in the month of March are both very prominently observed. There are several instances of childless couples, the dumb, the blind and many such other people making a vow to the Goddess and realizing their desires.

Ornamental jewels of Sri Devi Mookambika:
Karnataka Temples: Kollur Mookambika There is vast collection of jewels at the temple received as gifts of acknowledgement from the community of devotees who have realized their dreams and desires with the blessings of the Goddess. Of the various jewels of the Devi, the one in emerald is very valuable. Emerald represents knowledge. This temple has two processional deities of gold. One is offered by Rani Chennamma as a substitute for the missing of original one. But subsequently the missing one found and thus there are two processional idols. Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Sri. M.G.R. gifted a god sword, which weighs one kg. And are 2½ feet long. The former Chief Minister of Karnataka - Sri Gundu Rao, has gifted a similar type sword made of silver. The facial mask of Goddess Mookambika is completely of gold and gifted by Vijaya Nagara Empire. The gold face mask of Jyothirlinga gifted by Chennammaji of Keladi is another unique ornament.

Sowparnika River:
The two rivers Agnithirtha & Sowparnika which flow in the sanctuary of mookambika descend from Kodachadri hills. The wee spring of cool water situated in between the temples of Kalabhairava and Umamaheshwara is the source of river Sowparnika. Legend says that Suparna (Garuda) did a penance on the banks of this river praying to the Goddess for the abatement of his mother Vinutha's sorrows. When the Goddess appeared before him, he prayed that the river be henceforth known after him, Suparna, and therefore came to be called as Sowparnika. At the location where he is said to have sat in penance, there is a small cave even today which is known as "Garuda's Cave".

This holy river takes birth at the Kodachadri and flows up to the edge of Anthargami (now oluru) region where two more streams called Bhrungisha and Pippalada join it. Then it flows westward, surrounding Kollur in the name of "Sampara", and proceeds to join the sea near the temple of "Maharajaswamy" (Varahaswamy) at Maravanthe. It is believed that river absorbs the elements of 64 different medicinal plants and roots as it flows, therefore it cures all the diseases of those who bathe in it. Hence a bath in this river assumes significance and is considered sacred.

How to reach temple:
Since the Kollur Mookambika is one of the very famous temples, transport facility from all over the Karnataka state is available. There are frequent bus services from Mangalore and Udupi. From Mangalore it takes 3 hrs journey by bus. Many tour operators also included the visit of the temple in their conducted package tour programs.
Postal Corresponding Address:
Executive Officer
Sri Mookambika Temple
P.O. Kollur - 576 660
Udupi dist.
Karnataka State
INDIA
Phone:
91-8254-758221

Seva List

1 Sahasranama Kumkumarchana Rs.30-00
2 Trishathi Kumkumarchana Rs.20-00
3 Ashtottara Kumkumarchana Rs.10-00
4 Sahasranama Bhasmarchana Rs.20-00
5 Trishathi Bhasmarchana Rs.10-00
6 Ashtottara Bhasmarchana Rs.5-00
7 Panchamritha Rs.50-00
8 Harivana Naivedya Rs.30-00
9 Paramanna Naivedya Rs.30-00
10 Vada Naivedya Rs.40-00
11 Nye Appam Rs.50-00
12 Pancha pooja Rs.160-00
13 Parivara Pooja Rs.150-00
14 Ksheerabhishekha Rs.10-00
15 Pushpanjali Rs.10-00
16 Trimadhura Rs.20-00
17 Maha Trimadhura Rs.30-00
18 Uttama Maha Trimadhura Rs.100-00
19 Phala Panchamritha Rs.25-00
20 Ekawara Rudrabhishekha Rs.10-00
21 Ekadasha Rudrabhishekha Rs.50-00
22 Shatha Rudrabhishekha Rs.500-00
23 Karpoora Arathi Rs.5-00
24 Gana Homa - 1 Coconut Rs.50-00
25 Gana Homa - 12 Coconut Rs.550-00
26 Mookambika Alankar Pooja Rs.50-00
27 Veerabhadra Alankara Pooja Rs.25-00
28 Lalki Uthsava Rs.250-00
29 Pushpa Rathotsava Rs.500-00
30 Nithya Naivedya for One Month Rs.250-00
31 Maha Pooja Rs.2,500-00
32 Friday Pooja with Rice & Coconut Naivedya - 1 Year Rs.800-00
33 Friday Pooja with Coconut Naivedya - 1 Year Rs.500-00
34 Nanda Deepa for One Year Rs.1,000-00
35 Ghee Lamp Rs.20-00
36 Punya Prayaschita Rs.50-00
37 Homa Prayaschita Rs.100-00
38 Chandika Parayana Rs.25-00
39 Anebagilu (West Gate) Dharshana Rs.25-00
40 North Gate Dharshana Rs.15-00
41 Shankaracharya Peeta Dharshana Rs.25-00
42 Chandika Homa Rs.3,000-00
43 Vidyarambha Kanike Rs.100-00
44 Annaprashana Kanike Rs.50-00
45 Namakarana Kanike Rs.50-00
46 Upanayana Kanike Rs.50-00
47 Chavala Kanike Rs.25-00
48 Vidhi (Bhagavathi Seva) Rs.25-00
49 Thulabhara Seva Kanike Rs.100-00
50 Panchakajjaya Rs.5-00
51 Hannukai Kanike (Per Coconut) Rs.1-00
52 Theertha (Per Bottle) Rs.5-00
53 Anna Santharpane for One Time Rs.15,000-00
54 Hannukai -2 Coconut Rs.16-00
55 Hannukai - 1 Coconut Rs.8-00
56 Vahana Pooja (Two & Three Wheels) Light Vehicle Rs.20-00
57 Vahana Pooja (Jeep, Car, Bus & Truck) Heavy Vehicle Rs.50-00
58 Deepa Sthambha Lighting Rs.1,500-00
59 Maha Prasada Rs.100-00
60 Kanike (Alu Roopam) Rs.10-00

 

Note:
1. Kindly note the Temple management has not appointed any agents or representative except the Executive Officer and therefore please do not be misguided.
2. Sevas if any to be performed to Divine Mother amy please be intimated separately & respective amount sent by M.O. or A/c Payee, D.D or Cheque etc. Payable at Syndicate Bank, Kollur Branch.
3. All Correspondence to be made only with the executive Officer.
4. Donations for free meals (Anna Santharpane) are also accepted, please give clear and correct full address in M.O. coupon.
5. The devotees are requested to donate liberally for Silver Chariot.

Compiled by
Vishweshwara Rao M, Mangalore


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